Lymphedema is a condition in which there is an increase in the size of the extremity (upper limbs, lower limbs) that is caused by partial or total obstruction of the lymphatic channels. In the beginning, this increase in size is due to lymph accumulation. With time, if left untreated, this accumulated lymph triggers an increase in the supporting tissues of the affected limbs. It not only causes limb size to increase on a more permanent basis but also reduces oxygen availability to the tissues. It interferes with wound healing and provides a good environment for an infection that happens frequently. Every such episode further increases the irreversible swelling.
Causes of Lymphedema
- Primary Lymphedema is when lymphatic vessels are missing or impaired. It can happen at birth, develop at the onset of puberty, or in adulthood. These people are born with genes that risk developing Lymphedema because lymph nodes or vessels are missing or not working correctly.
- Secondary Lymphedema is when lymph vessels are damaged or lymph nodes are removed. Infection (Filariasis), surgeries, injuries, and obesity are some of the causes of lymph vessel and lymph node damage. Some Cancer treatments that are necessary to save lives can cause damage to the lymphatics. Lymphedema can occur even many years after the surgery or damage.
Symptoms of Lymphedema
- A feeling of heaviness in a body part, usually a limb
- A tight feeling in the skin of the affected limb; watches or rings may feel tight
- A heavy swollen limb
- Chronic swelling
- Discolouration of skin overlying the Lymphedema
- Deformity (elephantiasis)
- Less movement or exibility in hand, wrist, or ankle
- Severe /Easy / Early fatigue
Comprehensive Lymphedema Programme
Dr. Johar’s Plastic Surgery Group has evolved a comprehensive solution for treating Lymphedema. We start by establishing a diagnosis, educating the patients and their family members, and then working to improve the quality of life of such patients; through conservative and surgical methods. It involves:
- Making a diagnosis
- Educating the patient and their family members about the disease process and conservative Disease Management may involve manual lymph drainage, exercises, bandaging, home care, skin care, diet, etc.
- Staging the Disease
- Compression therapy
Surgical procedures vary based on the stage of the disease and are targeted towards:
- Restoring physiological lymphatic function in early stages,
- Reducing frequency of infectious episodes
- Decreasing progression of Lymphedema
- Reducing the weight of the limb
- Improving the Cosmesis and function of the limb
How much does the treatment cost?
Treatment cost varies based on the type of procedure planned and many other factors like other medical conditions, choice of operative facility, room choice etc. We also offer short-stay surgeries (like same-day surgeries) to save costs. While cost is an important consideration from your perspective, it should not override clinical considerations, which is why a balanced approach is advisable.
How you can reach us?
You can book your appointment on 8527778462 or mail at email@example.com .
Frequently Asked Questions